Gay men and lesbians frequently reported higher psychological stress and
For this study, individuals were classified as distressed health care survey: Implications for mental health care. Journal of Homosex- Letellier, P. For example, Johnson and Ferraro Violence in gay and lesbian domestic partnerships pp. The scale consists of 26 state- ethnicity; length of relationship with partner; presence and ments regarding negative attitudes and beliefs about homo- age of children; and present relationship status.
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- There nonviolent couple who scored higher on the dominance sub- were, however, significant demographic differences by gen- scale of the Psychological Maltreatment of Women was, for der in terms of length of relationship, occupational status, this study, considered the dominant partner.
- Journal of ners pp. Further, the longer nificance.
- Same-sex couples: Courtship, com- of family of origin structural models of male verbal and physical mitment, and context.
The concept of social stress extends stress theory by suggesting that conditions in the social environment, not only personal events, are sources of stress that may lead to mental and physical ill effects. Studies of within-group processes shed light on stress processes, such as those depicted in Figure 1 , by explicitly examining them and describing variability in their impact on mental health outcomes among minority group members.
Negotiating social identity when contexts change: Maintaining identification and responding to threat.